The structure of scientific revolutions (Book, ) [werdec.org]FALL PDF version. Enter your email address to receive occasional updates and previews from The New Atlantis. Follow The New Atlantis. Kuhn challenged the traditional view of science as an accumulation of objective facts toward an ever more truthful understanding of nature. Paradigm shifts interrupt the linear progression of knowledge by changing how scientists view the world, the questions they ask of it, and the tools they use to understand it. Kuhn concluded that the path of science through these revolutions is not necessarily toward truth but merely away from previous error.
The Structure of scientific revolutions pt1
Thomas S. Kuhn The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions
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Kuhn begins by formulating some assumptions that lay the foundation for subsequent discussion and by briefly outlining the key contentions of the book. A scientific community cannot practice its trade without some set of received beliefs p. These beliefs form the foundation of the "educational initiation that prepares and licenses the student for professional practice" 5. The nature of the "rigorous and rigid" preparation helps ensure that the received beliefs exert a "deep hold" on the student's mind. To this end, "normal science often suppresses fundamental novelties because they are necessarily subversive of its basic commitments" 5. Research is "a strenuous and devoted attempt to force nature into the conceptual boxes supplied by professional education" 5. A shift in professional commitments to shared assumptions takes place when an anomaly "subverts the existing tradition of scientific practice" 6.
Chapter I - Introduction: A Role for History.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Reviewed in 8.5 minutes
Thomas Samuel Kuhn — is one of the most influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century, perhaps the most influential. His book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is one of the most cited academic books of all time. His account of the development of science held that science enjoys periods of stable growth punctuated by revisionary revolutions. He then switched to history of science, and as his career developed he moved over to philosophy of science, although retaining a strong interest in the history of physics. In , he graduated from Harvard summa cum laude. Thereafter he spent the remainder of the war years in research related to radar at Harvard and then in Europe.