Encyclopedia of global warming and climate change pdf

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encyclopedia of global warming and climate change pdf

Climate Change: An Encyclopedia of Science, Society, and Solutions - ABC-CLIO

Global warming is the long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth 's climate system. It is a major aspect of current climate change , and has been demonstrated by direct temperature measurements and by measurements of various effects of the warming. Climate model projections summarized in the report indicated that during the 21st century the global surface temperature is likely to rise a further 0. The effects of global warming include rising sea levels , regional changes in precipitation, more frequent extreme weather events such as heat waves , and expansion of deserts. Overall, higher temperatures bring more rain and snowfall, but for some regions droughts and wildfires increase instead.
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The Biggest Lie About Climate Change

Save to My Library. Fracking is a controversial form of drilling that uses high-pressure liquid to create cracks in underground shale to extract natural gas and petroleum.

Climate Change

Global warming , the phenomenon of increasing average air temperatures near the surface of Earth over the past one to two centuries. In the IPCC reported that the interval between and saw an increase in global average surface temperature of approximately 0. The increase is closer to 1. A special report produced by the IPCC in honed this estimate further, noting that human beings and human activities have been responsible for a worldwide average temperature increase of between 0. The predicted rise in temperature was based on a range of possible scenarios that accounted for future greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation severity reduction measures and on uncertainties in the model projections.

This three-volume set presents entries and primary sources that will impress on readers that what we do—or don't do—today regarding climate change will dramatically influence what life on this planet will be like for untold numbers of generations. How are the behaviors of birds, butterflies, and other migratory animals connected to climate change? What does the term "thermal inertia" mean, and what does this geophysical effect have on predicting what the planet's future will be like? What is the context for the effects we are seeing on various forms of animal life, from migrating birds to polar bears to mosquitoes that transmit Zika and other diseases? Climate Change: An Encyclopedia of Science, Society, and Solutions combines entries describing Earth's variable climatic history, references to scientific literature, weather record data, and selected primary documents to present readers with a comprehensive account of global warming's effects worldwide.

Save to My Library. Ash spews from a coal-fueled power plant in New Johnsonville, Tennessee. Though this warming trend has been going on for a long time, its pace has significantly increased in the last hundred years due to the burning of fossil fuels. As the human population has increased, so has the volume of fossil fuels burned. Gases produced by the burning of fossil fuels prevent the heat from leaving the atmosphere.

This PDF has been generated from SAGE knowledge. Please note that the pagination Encyclopedia of Global Warming & Climate Change: Madagascar.
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The history of the scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified. In the late 19th century, scientists first argued that human emissions of greenhouse gases could change the climate. Many other theories of climate change were advanced, involving forces from volcanism to solar variation. In the s, the warming effect of carbon dioxide gas became increasingly convincing. Some scientists also pointed out that human activities that generated atmospheric aerosols e. During the s, scientific opinion increasingly favored the warming viewpoint.

Forgot your login information? Edited by: S. George Philander. Subject: Environmental Sociology , Climatography. The Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change helps readers learn about the astonishingly intricate processes that make ours the only planet known to be habitable. These three volumes include more than articles that explore major topics related to global warming and climate change—ranging geographically from the North Pole to the South Pole, and thematically from social effects to scientific causes. Philander, S.

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