Stretching/Strengthening for the Psoas Muscle - Enhance PhysiotherapyShow less Your psoas pronounced SO-az muscles are deep core muscles that are part of your hip flexors. You have one on each side of your body, and their primary responsibility is to lift your thighs towards your torso. They also provide stability to your lower back, pelvis, and hips. You may have tight, or shortened, psoas muscles if you spend most of your day in a seated position, whether at work or in a car.
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Your physical therapist, chiropractor, or yoga teacher might have told you that you have a tight psoas muscle, and they may have taught you stretching exercises to release it. As a former ballet dancer, I used to have an extremely tight psoas muscle, which caused me to have back pain, back spasms, and functional leg length discrepancy. In the course of my training to become a Clinical Somatic Educator, I learned the technique of pandiculation , which allowed me to finally release years of built-up tension in my psoas muscle. As I practiced Clinical Somatics exercises daily, my psoas muscle gradually lengthened, my back pain and spasms disappeared, and my hips evened out. The psoas muscle , formally called the psoas major , is a very important core muscle. The psoas attaches the lumbar vertebrae to the lesser trochanter, near the head of the femur.
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One friend asked for information regarding stretching and strengthening of the Psoas muscle pronounced Sow-us. The Psoas muscle group is one of your major hip flexors, and is divided into two parts — the Psoas Major in purple and the Psoas Minor in yellow. Psoas Major attaches to each of the 5 vertebrae in your lower back then travels down and attaches itself to your femur bone thigh bone just below the hip joint. Along the way, Psoas blends together with another muscle called Iliacus in red and forms the muscle group known as Iliopsoas. The main role of the iliopsoas is to move your hip into flexion — bending your hip up. If you are currently sitting down, you can activate your iliopsoas by lifting the back of your knee of your seat.
In fact, whether you run, bike, dance, practice yoga, or just hang out on your couch, your psoas muscles are involved. They affect your posture and help to stabilize your spine. The psoas muscles are made of both slow and fast twitching muscles. Because they are major flexors, weak psoas muscles can cause many of the surrounding muscles to compensate and become overused. That is why a tight or overstretched psoas muscle could be the cause of many or your aches and pains, including low back and pelvic pain. The types of movement which can strain your psoas muscles include standing and twisting from your waist without moving your feet think old fashioned calisthenics , or any movement that causes your leg to externally rotate while extended, such as Ballet-style leg lifts or battement , and even doing too many sit ups your psoas muscles complete the last half of a sit up. Structurally, your psoas muscles are the deepest muscles in your core.