The Book of Learning and Forgetting
Smith distinguishes between the "classical" and the "official" theories of learning. The classical view holds that people are constantly and effortlessly learning through immersion in a social community and its practices, and that this process of learning is universal. The official view suggests that learning requires effort, and that it only occurs when a student is being presented with the information. Standardized testing is closely associated with the official view. Smith details the way in which the official view has gained acceptance despite its many negative results.
Classic vs. Official Views of Learning and Forgetting
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Repairing the Damage — What can be done to improve education. Frank Smith presents these main arguments through the course of the text:. The classic view of learning is universal and deeply rooted. Learning is a natural process that occurs effortlessly. We learn without knowing that we are learning and we learn without effort every moment of the day.