Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche - Book Discourse
Beyond Good and Evil
The son of a Lutheran pastor, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born in in Roecken, Prussia, and studied classical philology at the Universities of Bonn and Leipzig. While at Leipzig he read the works of Schopenhauer, which greatly impressed him. He also became a disciple of the composer Richard Wagner. At the very early age of 25, Nietzsche was appointed professor at the University of Basel in Switzerland. While treating soldiers he contracted diphtheria and dysentery; he was never physically healthy afterward. Nietzsche's first book, The Birth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Music , was a radical reinterpretation of Greek art and culture from a Schopenhaurian and Wagnerian standpoint. By Nietzsche had to retire from his university post for reasons of health.
I saw many negative reviews for this work, most of which reflected something similar to "Nietzche is stupid" or "Sexists pig! First of all, if the only thing one can say after reading a philosophical treatise is "That is entirely stupid," then one clearly isn't meant for the realm of philosophy, at least at this point in. First of all, if the only thing one can say after reading a philosophical treatise is "That is entirely stupid," then one clearly isn't meant for the realm of philosophy, at least at this point in one's life, and should altogether avoid any further exploration of philosophical matters until one learns how to think critically , synthesize large chunks of information, and incorporate seemingly loosely connected thoughts together in one solid chain to properly assess the argument presented. Philosophical treatises weren't written for eighth graders; therefore, if you can't comprehend a collegiate level work, then wait until you have the skills to read it before you criticize it. Second of all, in critiquing a philosophical work, one should possess the courtesy and intelligence to appreciate whatever argument the author has proposed, even if one does not agree with it. This is what it means to be a philosopher: to be able to understand, grasp, manipulate, and refute arguments in a manner that both engages the proposed argument as well as offers new insight into the subject of the proposed argument.
Beyond Good and Evil, by Friedrich Nietzsche. In this book, Nietzsche takes the position that our subservience to fixed perspectives that are forced on us by our language and our ideals make us incapable of perceiving reality. He propounds the theory that ideals are not fixed but change over time, often dramatically, and end up becoming the exact opposite of what they originally were.
A nd if you're wondering where Nietzsche fits into my self-improvement theme, look no further than the introduction to this dauntingly complex philosophical polemic, which advises that "it is almost impossible to participate in modern intellectual discussion without some familiarity with his writing". It was published in , three years before insanity set in he died in Although Nietzsche's literary style was always restless, flamboyant, aphoristic, enigmatic, scathing, cryptic, obscure, full of sweeping assertions and poetic imagery, there is a distinct suggestion of green ink and small spidery handwriting slanting across the page about this frenzied attack on conventional morality. Why should we assume that truth and falsity are opposites or that deception isn't, in fact, more valuable in human life than whatever it is we call truth, he argues. Suppose truth is a woman, what then?
In this book, Nietzsche takes the position that our subservience to fixed perspectives that are forced on us by our language and our ideals make us incapable of perceiving reality. He propounds the theory that ideals are not fixed but change over time, often dramatically, and end up becoming the exact opposite of what they originally were. Hence, the meaning and interpretation of words really depend on the will that chooses to manipulate them. The will in turn is subject to a shifting and eternally changing viewpoint, based on the power and status of those who operate it. We begin to see the world not in terms of just linear, black and white or binary terms but as a more complex, multidimensional entity, where sometimes contradictory concepts seem to coexist. However, when his friends arrive, they don't recognize him.